In Grade 10, students examine the many types of contemporary vehicle construction. Repair strategies are formulated based on vehicle construction to provide safe, quality, permanent repairs. Students are instructed in and practice repair procedures for minor damage on actual vehicle parts. Fastener applications are examined. Cutting, welding and shaping of various metals are taught and practiced along with panel straightening. Appropriate use of body filler application, shaping and finishing is taught and demonstrated. Students practice body filler application and finishing on actual vehicle parts. Compressed air systems and the components are investigated. The many processes of painting and refinishing are introduced and demonstrated with primers, base coats and finish coats. Masking is introduced and practiced. Students continue to be introduced to the basics of safety, as well as equipment identification and use. Technology-related mathematics, reading, writing, vocabulary, blueprint reading and science are integrated throughout the curriculum.